Saturday, 6 September 2014

What is Ebola Virus? How its Spread, Signs & Symptoms and Treatment


What is Ebola virus?


Ebola is a disease of humans and other primates caused by an ebolavirus. Symptoms start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever,  sore throat, muscle pain and headaches.

  

How Ebola Virus Spread
  • Broken skin, or mucous membranes with the blood
  • Secretions, organs or other bodily fluids,
  • Infected people, and indirect contact, with environments contaminated, with such fluids.,
  • Burial ceremonies in which, mourners have direct contact, with the body of the deceased person.

Signs, and symptoms, of Ebola virus,

  • Sudden onset of fever
  • Intense weakness
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache, and sore throat
  • This is followed by, vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, impaired kidney, and liver function, and in some cases, both internal, and external bleeding.


Treatment of Ebola virus

  • No licensed vaccine, for Ebola is available, Several vaccines are being tested, but none are available, for clinical use.
  •  Severely ill patients, require intensive supportive care., Patients are frequently dehydrated, and require, oral rehydration, with solutions containing electrolytes, or intravenous fluids.

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